ATHEISM:

A PHILOSOPHICAL EXAMINATION


1. Introduction



CONTENTS

1. Introduction

 1.1. Definition of 'Atheism'

1.1.1. The word and concept: 'Atheism'

1.1.2. Different conceptions of God

1.1.2.1. Cultural influences

1.1.2.2. Philosophical influences

1.1.2.3. Various religious conceptions and / or mis-conceptions

1.1.2.4. Logical consequences: theological and secular

1.1.3. Agnosticism

 1.2. Types of Atheism

1.2.1. Anthropological clarification

1.2.2. Cultural considerations

1.2.3. Theoretical atheism

1.2.4. Practical atheism

Theoretical Atheism

 2.1. Historical trends

2.1.1. Islamic philosophers ̃ Nominalism

2.1.2. The crisis in epistemology

2.1.3. Descartes ̃ Malebranche ̃ Spinoza

2.1.4. Descartes ̃ Kant ̃ Rationalism and Idealism

2.1.5. A turning away from rationalism

2.1.6. Empiricism ̃ (Deism) ̃ Materialism

 2.2. Examination of various philosophers

2.2.1. Greek philosophy

2.2.2. Atheistic Humanism

2.2.2.1. Feuerbach

2.2.2.2. Nietzsche

2.2.2.3. Freud

2.2.2.4. Sartre

2.2.3. Scientific Atheism

2.2.3.1. Comte

2.2.3.2. Monad

2.2.4. Socio-political atheistic philosophers

2.2.4.1. Marx and Engels

2.2.4.2. Chernyshevskij

2.2.4.3. Pisarev

2.2.4.4. Plekhanov

2.2.4.5. Lenin

 3. Atheism in Culture

 3.1. A static view:

3.1.1. Greek culture

3.1.2. Buddhism

3.1.3. Chinese (and Asian)

3.1.4. Soviet

3.1.5. Modern European and North American

 3.2. A dynamic view:

3.2.1. Renaissance ̃ Humanism

3.2.2. The loss of the mystical (Creation takes the place of Creator)

3.2.3. Theistic cultural ambient ̃ a secular humanist

 3.3. A religious view

3.3.1. Protection of God ̃ domination of nature

3.3.2. God: answer and explanation ̃ Scientific knowledge of world

3.3.3. Position of Church becoming politically & culturally stronger

3.3.4. Crisis of truth with division in Church: Reformation

  4. Conclusion: Perspectives for atheism

 4.1. Review

 4.2. A Critique of Atheism

4.2.1. Anthropology

4.2.2. The atheistic society

4.2.3. Atheism and culture

 
4.3. The Philosophical Challenge

 


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